The United States has not conducted such tests since 1992. Earlier, Washington accused Russia and China of carrying out nuclear test explosions, both states categorically denied this.
U.S. President Donald Trump administration officials have been discussing the issue of resuming nuclear tests for the first time since 1992. This was reported by The Washington Post, citing a senior White House official and two former officials familiar with the details of the discussion.
The newspaper writes that the meeting was held on May 15 with the participation of senior representatives of US national security agencies. This meeting followed the State DepartmentвЂ™s accusations of Russia conducting nuclear tests.
The report of the department said that the state violates the terms of the nuclear weapons test treaties, including the limitation of underground tests. The State Department claimed that Russia was conducting experiments with exceeding the critical mass of nuclear material and energy output. China is also testing nuclear weapons contrary to treaties, the same report said.
Russia and China have denied US allegations of nuclear testing.
According to a senior official in the presidential administration, a demonstration to Moscow and Beijing of the ability of the United States to вЂњconduct quick testsвЂќ could be useful from the point of view of negotiations, as Washington seeks to conclude a trilateral arms control deal with major nuclear powers.
At the meeting, specific agreements were not reached on conducting tests, but a source in the White House noted that the issue was being actively discussed. In turn, another source in The Washington Post said that it was ultimately decided to use other measures to respond to the Russian and Chinese threats, but not to resume testing.
The United States has not ratified the Comprehensive Test Ban Treaty (CTBT), although it has signed it. According to the document, its participants undertake not to produce any test explosions, as well as to prevent them in their territory. For the CTBT to enter into force, it must be ratified by 44 states listed in the annex to the treaty. Of these, 36 countries have done so far, including Russia.
In September 2019, Foreign Minister Sergei Lavrov said that Russia sees signs of the preparation in the United States of soil for refusing to ratify the CTBT. The Foreign Minister also noted that Russia intends to abide by the terms of the agreement on the understanding that other states adhere to the same line. He emphasized that Russia has not carried out a single nuclear explosion since 1991.