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Climatologists explain the causes of the food crisis in Africa

More than 60 million African children do not get enough food. Chad, Liberia, and Congo are among the countries with the most malnourished children. They are followed by Zimbabwe, Guinea-Bissau, Gambia, and DR Congo.

Climatologists explained that the increase in the number of starving Africans in the last ten years is due to the increase in military conflicts, not to weather conditions.

“Droughts remain a major cause of hunger. But our observations show that the frequency of such crises in Africa did not change significantly between 2009 and 2018. We found that the increase in hunger is associated with an increase in military clashes, especially in South Sudan and Nigeria,” the paper said.

According to the UN, more than 700 million people on the planet regularly go hungry. The vast majority of them live in sub-Saharan Africa. A team of climatologists led by researcher Weston Anderson of Columbia University in New York decided to check what influences the development of the crisis in Africa more — climatic factors or political-military events.

Measurements of food levels in the region between 2009 and 2018 showed that food shortages were more often attributed to conditions of armed conflict than to changes in the weather. However, scientists note that droughts and other effects of climate change continue to be a major cause of hunger in many other African countries, such as Ethiopia and Kenya. That is why they say it is necessary to combat both phenomena.

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