The fantasy of the scriptwriters of science fiction films is amazing and, probably, each of us dreamed that at least part of the technologies from the screen would become a reality in everyday life. Meanwhile, today there are inventions that look as if they came from the future.
1. Scalable contact lenses
Enlarge the image without the help of glasses, binoculars and other optical devices, just blinking an eye вЂ” this is almost a reality, not a fantasy. U.S. scientists at UCLA have developed zoom lenses. To zoom in and out again, just blink twice.
The lens is made of soft polymeric materials that are susceptible to electrooculographic eye signals. When voltage is applied, they expand, giving the lens a more convex shape, and the image enlarges. With repeated blinking, the lens takes its former form, and the picture becomes smaller. A prototype has been created at the moment, and work on the project continues. It seems that the time when we can control the technique with our eyes is just around the corner.
2. Exoskeleton controlled by the power of thought
Exoskeletons are no longer fiction. Scientists from around the world, including Russia, are constantly developing and improving apparatuses for various purposes: medical, industrial, military, for use in space. So itвЂ™s a matter of time before exoskeletons become available to the masses.
But if you donвЂ™t surprise anyone with ordinary devices, then French scientists have made an innovative breakthrough by creating an exoskeleton controlled by the power of thought. The user interacts with him using sensors implanted in the area of the brain responsible for motor activity. The device was tested by a completely paralyzed man, thirty-year-old Frenchman Thibault. After two years of training, the man was able to walk about 1.5 meters.
Exoskeletons are developed and produced by dozens of countries. This is an entire industry with a millionth turnover. And the global market is growing steadily. In 2014, it amounted to $68 million, in 2018 вЂ” $96.7 million. Analysts expect that in 2021 the volume will reach $1.023 billion.
3. Mirror вЂ” Health Monitoring
Wash in front of a mirror and simultaneously check the state of health, without wasting time at the hospital, will also be possible in the near future. The Massachusetts Institute of Technology introduced an intelligent mirror for monitoring health. Medical Mirror tracks and displays real-time heart rate. When the user looks in the mirror, the built-in sensor constantly monitors his face. A computer program processes the image, analyzes the appearance of a person, and converts the data into heart rate readings, outputting them to a mirror.
4. Therapeutic nanorobots
The concept of tiny robots that can heal or destroy people is a favorite trick of science fiction films. But in real life, scientists are working on the creation of such technologies. To help doctors, tiny robots are being developed that are able to deliver drugs to exactly the right place inside the body. And American and Chinese biochemists have created nanorobots that can search and destroy cancer cells. Their practical application is already being discussed with doctors and pharmaceutical companies. Nanorobots can be used not only in medicine, but their potential is also truly unlimited. And scientists believe that they will be widespread already in this decade.
5. Flying taxi
Standing idle for hours in traffic jams, we longingly recall flying vehicles from science fiction films. But it seems that air taxis are on their way and will soon become a reality. At CES 2019 in Las Vegas, Bell unveiled the Nexus project, a vertical takeoff and landing aircraft. Aerotaxi flies quieter than helicopters thanks to the hybrid power system and can transport 5 people with the pilot. This year, the company plans to conduct tests and in 2023 to begin transportation. If everything goes well, then soon you can forget about traffic jams.
Jetpacks are another feature of science fiction films. Inventors have worked on technology for decades, and today they are close to fulfilling their dreams. Jetpacks are improving more and more and increasing speed and flight time. At CES 2018, the American company JetPack Aviation introduced a new version of its jetpacks called the JB11. The model accelerates to 320 km / h, and at one gas station can fly 12 minutes.
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The device, able to stay in the air longer than a conventional jetpack, was created by the New Zealand company Martin Jetpack. Outwardly, it is difficult to call it a jetpack, it is rather an ultralight aircraft. But it gives the same sensations of flight as the jetpack and at the same time flies much longer вЂ” as much as half an hour. The price of the device is also space, tentatively вЂ” from 150 to 250 thousand dollars.
Cognitive fact: Two dozen jetpacks were purchased by the Dubai Civil Defense Service for rescuers and firefighters. They will be used in case of fires in high-rise buildings when access to the upper floors and the roof is difficult.