A global project to protect biodiversity and save the planet from climate shocks in the next decade was presented by the UN working group on working with environmental problems. Experts suggested making adjustments to the system of food production and consumption, including eliminating plastic, as well as taking new measures to protect animals from extinction. This is reported by The Guardian
UN representatives have introduced 21 goals to the project of the new Convention on Biological Diversity, CBD. Thus, by 2030, it is planned to reduce the use of pesticides in agriculture by two-thirds, reform the system of incentives for producers, increase the number of state subsidies for positive or neutral initiatives for nature. Tasks against environmental destruction, to strengthen the protection of 30% of the world's oceans and land by the end of the decade are also included in the CBD. By the middle of the century, experts prioritize reducing the level of extinction of animal species by 90% and improving the integrity of all ecosystems.
The convention pays special attention to the issues of a healthy human existence. In particular, it is proposed to reduce pollution from all sources, including by reducing plastic waste. According to the UN representatives, in the next decade, the well-being of mankind will require an increase in the area of natural corners in urban and other densely populated territories.
вЂњUrgent measures are required at the global, regional, and national levels to transform the economic, social, and financial models of people's activities. By 2030, it is necessary to start restoring natural ecosystems in order to achieve zero carbon dioxide emissions and minimal environmental impact by 2050,вЂќ said Elizabeth Mrema, executive Secretary of the CBD.
The new CBD goals will be presented for approval in the Chinese city of Kunming at the UN Global Conference on ecological civilization in October 2021. Further, the document will be offered for consideration and ratification by 196 countries that have signed the Convention on Biological Diversity, adopted on June 5, 1992, in Rio de Janeiro.
To some extent, the UN project is a continuation of the already existing Paris Agreement, under which more than 200 countries of the world have pledged to reach a вЂњzero carbon footprintвЂќ by 2050. The European Union has fixed additional measures to protect the planet from global warming in the climate law adopted at the end of June 2021. EU members have committed themselves to reduce CO2 emissions by 55% by the end of this decade compared to 1990.