In the United States, under Trump, Israel's sovereignty over the Golan Heights was recognized unconditionally, but Biden does not agree with this and intends to reverse the decision of his predecessor.
The administration of US President Joe Biden plans to cancel the decision of former President Donald Trump in 2019 on the recognition of Israeli sovereignty in the Golan Heights.
According to the publication Free Beacon, a representative of the US State Department said that under the leadership of Joe Biden, the American authorities are much more cautious than under Trump, approach the question of the ownership of the Golan Heights.
The representative of the Foreign Ministry said that the Golan Heights do not belong to anyone, and Israel's control over these territories is a вЂњpractical issueвЂќ.
вЂњAs long as (Bashar al-Assad) is in power in Syria, as long as Iran maintains its presence in Syria, as long as there are militia groups supported by Iran, and the Assad regime itself, all this poses a significant threat to Israel's security, and from a practical point of view, control over the Golan remains really important for Israel's security,вЂќ the official said.
The media note that such statements are a serious departure from the course of the previous administration, which unconditionally recognized Israeli sovereignty over the territories.
The Golan Heights are disputed territories lying on the border of Israel and Syria. Their area, by our standards, is not very large вЂ” 1800 square kilometers, which is approximately comparable to the area of a large district in Ukraine. And for more than half a century there has been a very serious struggle at the international level for these lands.
In short, the foundations of the current conflict were laid back in 1923, when Great Britain, which after the victory in the First World War got the mandate to manage the territories of Palestine, transferred part of the land (namely the Golan Heights) to another winner вЂ” France. Which was taken care of, among other things, by the territories on which Syria later arose.
In 1944, Syria declared independence, and the Golan Heights became part of it. In 1967, during the вЂњsix-day warвЂќ, which began with a preemptive Israeli strike against the coalition of Arab States, the Israelis seized these territories. And in 1981, by a single decision, Israel extended its jurisdiction to this territory. At the same time, the international community did not recognize the annexation: in 1967, the UN Security Council adopted Resolution No. 242, in which it called on Tel Aviv to withdraw its troops from the occupied territories, and in 1981-resolution No. 497, which recognized Israel's decision on annexation as invalid and having no international legal force.
In 2008, the UN General Assembly, by its decision, called on Israel to adhere to its obligations and immediately stop the activities of settlements in the occupied territories, including the Golan Heights. It is interesting that only six states voted against this decision. In addition, of course, to Israel and such exotic countries as the Marshall Islands, the Federated States of Micronesia, Nauru, and Papau, the United States also voted against.
Also, on December 6, 2017, US President Donald Trump officially recognized Jerusalem as the capital of Israel and ordered the American embassy to be moved there.