Is Scottish independence possible if the majority of its people want it?
This issue was further exacerbated after the Scottish Parliamentary elections, which were won by consistent supporters of independence вЂ” the Scottish National Party (SNP).
Although the nationalists did not have enough space for the dream majority, an alliance with the Greens (who also support independence) will help them make up for this trouble.
With these results, SNP leader Nicola Sturgeon is determined to win the Scots the right to hold another referendum.
Will Edinburgh be able to legally compete with London? What other issues besides independence gave the nationalists victory? And, of course, what will the United Kingdom look like over the next few years?
Without a single vote, the majority
The 64 seats in the 65-seat parliament are last week's election results for the Scottish National Party.
And given that their permanent and loyal allies, the Green Party, have won eight more seats, it is safe to say that a coalition of nationalists and greens will shape the agenda of this convocation of parliament.
The Nationalists improved their result in 2016, receiving two additional seats. Their overall national support has also improved вЂ” for example, they have been able to win three challenging majority constituencies in which the Conservatives previously held the undisputed lead. Their Green allies also showed good results in the regional vote.
But the parties representing London were extremely unsuccessful.
We are talking about conservatives and Labor. Conservatives in Scotland had a promising leader вЂ” why did she fail?
The first and common problem for these two parties is that they share the same electoral pool. Proponents of independence will never vote for the Conservatives or Labor, so the only hope for them is to repel voters from each other, even though their interests in Scotland coincide.
The second common problem for both is the issue of party leadership. However, if Labor leaders did their best to lose the national rating, the Conservatives had a bad joke shortly before the election, which was reflected in the uncertain voters who voted mainly for Ruth Davidson and not for the party as such.
However, the key advantage of nationalists over conservatives and Labor is their health and education policies. Sturgeon and her team invest a lot in both the strategies themselves and their active PR, and therefore the last few years have brought them a gap of almost 15 points compared to opponents. What's the secret? Increasing autonomy, increasing budgeting, and spot development projects. This is exactly what the national parties cannot offer.
So all indications are that this will be the fourth term for Scottish nationalists in power.
What is on their agenda for the next few years?
Not the only independence
Despite the popular notion of the SNP as a one-party party like the Brexit party, nationalists actually have a much broader and much more elaborate agenda.
After all, if they really only dealt with the issue of independence, where would they get such huge ratings after the failure of the 2014 referendum?
It is predicted that the first issue for Sturgeon and her colleagues will be to continue the fight against the coronavirus pandemic. In fact, in many ways, the most adequate and, most importantly, the timely response of local authorities to the deterioration of the epidemic situation became the basis of the rating of the Scottish National Party and showed it as an experienced and reliable political team.
The second important issue will be the financing of the national health care system.
Although under the auspices of the Scottish Government and the Scottish Parliament, London is trying to actively intervene in Scotland's national health services in the context of the frontal reforms launched by the Johnson administration. These reforms involve huge budget expenditures, not all of which have been agreed upon by the Scottish leadership.
However, the third issue, one way or another, will be independence.
Opponents of the SNP in this matter are the Conservative, Labor, and Liberal Democratic parties. Only the Green Party can support nationalists.
Another nationalist party, Alba, made up of radical conservative nationalists led by former SNP leader Alex Salmond, suffered a crushing defeat in this election, losing no seat in parliament.
вЂњWarвЂќ for the second referendum
Of course, the first question in talking about Scottish independence is the legitimacy of the demands of Scottish nationalists. Prime Minister Johnson and other leading conservatives have repeatedly reiterated that the 2014 referendum was вЂњthe only referendum for the current generation.вЂќ