As you know, now NVIDIA receives 8 nm gaming GPUs from Samsung, and Ampere computes accelerators with the same architecture are equipped with 7 nm chips from TSMC. Taiwanese media are now reporting that NVIDIA will remain a TSMC customer for not only 6 nm but also 5 nm technology.
TSMC began shipping Apple 5 nm processors this half, the Commercial Times notes. They will be supplied to smartphones, tablets, and laptops of the Cupertino-based company, but next year TSMC may start shipping the first Apple desktop processor, which will be designated A14T and improved N5P process technology. In the next half of the year, TSMC should master the production of not only A14T central processors but also Lifuka GPUs for Apple. The A15 and A15X mobile processors for the next generation of Apple smartphones and tablets will begin production in a year using the N5P process technology, and the desktop A15T will also be the company.
Other TSMC customers for 5 nm technology from Taiwanese sources include Qualcomm, Broadcom, AMD, MediaTek, and NVIDIA, as well as Intel Corporation. In addition, the вЂњtransitionalвЂќ 6-nm process technology, which will receive an additional layer with EUV-lithography compared to the four provided by 7-nm technology, will also be used for the production of NVIDIA and Intel products. In both cases, it will be possible to talk about the existence of 6 nm graphics processors, if we rely on previously announced information.
As part of the 5 nm process technology, TSMC will increase the number of layers with EUV lithography to 14, and with the transition to 3 nm technology, it can exceed 20 and reach 24. Between these two stages, an intermediate 4 nm process technology is provided, which will also increase the number of layers with EUV versus 5 nm process technology. By the way, modern AMD processors with Zen 3 architecture use four layers processed by EUV lithography within the latest version of 7 nm technology.
The transition to the 3-nm process technology will increase the density of transistors by 70% compared to the 5-nm technology; with constant power consumption, the switching speed of transistors can be increased by 15%, or power consumption can be reduced by 30% with the same speed. The development of 3-nm technology TSMC will begin in 2022.