The United States cannot initiate the return of UN sanctions against Iran, since it is not a party to the Joint Comprehensive Plan of Action (JCPOA), said Iranian Permanent Representative to the UN, Majid Takht-Ravanchi.
The United States wants to use Resolution 2231, which allows the restoration of sanctions against Iran in the event that the Iranian side fails to fulfill its obligations under the JCPOA. According to Takht-Ravanchi, the United States interprets this resolution arbitrarily and does not have the right to launch a mechanism to restore sanctions after the deal is withdrawn.
On August 14, the UN Security Council did not support the US resolution to extend the arms embargo against Iran. Russia and China opposed the adoption of the document, the rest of the voting participants abstained.
UNSCR 2231, adopted in July 2015, introduces a ban on the supply of heavy weapons to Iran until October 18, 2020, and missile weapons until 2023. The embargo expires in the JCPOA.
Earlier, US Secretary of State Mike Pompeo said that the expiration of the arms embargo against Iran would allow Tehran to acquire new fighters from Russia and China, stressing that Washington cannot allow this to happen.