For thousands of years, the water spaces have been plowed by vessels of various sizes and purposes. And in each epoch, their ships fit the criterion "the largestвЂќ. Today, technological progress makes it possible to build such giants that look like real floating cities. To your attention the largest ships in the world, which amaze the imagination with their size.
Mozah is the first ship of the Q-Max family of tankers, of which 14 units are currently in operation. Their main task is to transport liquefied natural gas, which is produced in fields near Qatar. The design and construction of the ship were carried out by specialists from South Korea. In 2007, Mozah, already under the Qatari flag, was launched and is still in operation. The supertanker is 345 meters long.
2. Queen Mary II
In fact, from the very moment of launching in 2002 to the present day, the transatlantic cruise ship Queen Mary II is considered one of the largest passenger liners on the planet. The development and construction of the giant were carried out by the French company Chantiers de l'Atlantique. There are 15 restaurants, a casino and a theater on board, and the Queen Mary II is the first cruise ship to boast a ship planetarium. During one voyage, the ship can accommodate up to 2620 passengers.
3. The allure of the Seas
To be fair, it's worth noting that the Allure of the Seas cruise ship isn't the only one of its kind, it has a twin. However, they have one difference, because, the first is longer than the second by as much as five centimeters. The length of the ship is 362 meters, the maximum passenger capacity is 6296 people, the crew is 2384 people.
There seems to be as much onboard entertainment as there are passengers: Allure of the Seas resembles a full-fledged floating city with an ice rink, a golf course, and countless shops and bars. Moreover, passengers can walk through a real park with exotic trees and other unusual plants.
4. Oasis of the Seas
The second twin liner of the Oasis-class also has a length of 362 meters, and those five missing centimeters did not affect this figure. In addition, this ship impresses with both its size and the level of passenger service and the services and entertainment provided: for example, in addition to the same establishments that are on its twin, on the Oasis of the Seas you can visit the largest casino on a cruise liner, as well as visit the Opal Theater - a theater that simultaneously puts on three different performances. For outdoor enthusiasts, there are sports facilities and water amphitheater with diving boards.
5. Vale Sohar
Among the largest dry cargo ships, there is a family of ships belonging to the Brazilian mining company Vale. One of them is Vale Sohar, which is used as a transporter of ore from Brazil to the United States. The 362-meter dry cargo ship was launched in 2012, and since then continues to hold a leading position among three dozen such ships.
6. TI Class
Another family of supertankers consists of four identical ships: TI Oceania, TI Africa (under the flag of the Marshall Islands), and TI Asia, TI Europe (under the flag of Belgium). In 2010, TI Asia and TI Africa changed their focus: they were transformed into floating storage and offloading platforms (FSO), and today they are in the service of one of the offshore oil fields near Qatar. The rest of the two dry cargo ships, each 380 meters long, continue to hold the lead in deadweight (total vessel carrying capacity) and gross tonnage.
7. Emma Maersk
The E-Class series of the Danish company Moller-Maersk Group has eight identical container ships, and Emma Maersk was the first of them вЂ” it was launched in 2006. At that time, the dry cargo ship was considered the largest operating ship on the planet. The ship is used to transport various types of cargo between Northern Europe and Asia through the Strait of Gibraltar and the Suez Canal.
Fun fact: This bulk carrier is notorious even before it was launched. The thing is that during the construction there was a serious fire. But the troubles did not end there: in 2013, one of the engines was damaged, and the giant ship lost control in the waters of the Suez Canal. Fortunately, then flooding was avoided. In addition, Emma Maersk has been the subject of criticism for the use of sulfur fuels.
8. Esso Atlantic
Prior to the advent of the TI Class liners, the Japanese oil supertanker Esso Atlantic held the title of the world's largest ship in terms of deadweight for many years since its launch in the mid-1970s. The tanker was most often used for the transportation of oil by the countries of Europe and the states of the Middle East. The history of the once largest ship ended in 2002 when the giant was dismantled for scrap in Pakistan.
9. Pierre Guillaumat
France also boasts its own family of largest deadweight supertankers called the Batillus. The liner Pierre Guillaumat was designed and built by the specialists of the French company Chantiers de l'Atlantique. However, its history turned out to be very short: the supertanker lasted only five years, after which it was dismantled for scrap in South Korea in 1983. Ironically, the reason for such a fleeting "life" of the ship was just its size: the giant was not capable of passing through either the Suez or the Panama Canal, and therefore its operation was recognized as unprofitable.
10. Seawise Giant
Another supertanker, which at one time was a record holder, has already ended its existence. The liner Seawise Giant was not in vain considered the longest ship in history: according to Novate.ru, its dimensions were so impressive that they were compared not with other ships, but with the tallest buildings in the world. However, its dimensions turned out to be too large for both the Suez and Panama Canals, even the English Channel was too tough for the supertanker.
The history of this ship is interesting: during the Iran-Iraq War in 1988, it received serious damage from missiles of the Iraqi Air Force while transporting Iranian oil in the Persian Gulf. Seawise Giant was flooded near the coast, and by 1991 it was raised, repaired and returned to service under a new name - "Happy Giant". The ship was later turned into a floating platform, and in 2009 it was dismantled for scrap in India.
The Prelude is the largest ship in the world today. In addition, this floating platform is not only a record holder but also an innovator: in addition to transportation, it was the first in the world to be adapted to the production and liquefaction of natural gas on board. The construction was carried out by the South Korean company Samsung Heavy Industries for Royal Dutch Shell. The liner, which is essentially a mobile gas processing plant, can be safely called the largest structure that mankind has just created.