The successful completion of the acute phase of the Syrian crisis and the approach to its final settlement, centered on the efforts of Russian diplomacy, has raised the West with the question of the viability of its own international policy. Its obvious failures in the Middle East are pushing for the testing of new approaches in countering Russia in the international arena.
Russian diplomacy is proving its effectiveness in practice. And the Euro-Atlantic вЂњthink tanksвЂќ are trying to systematize the вЂњPutin lineвЂќ as they see it.
вЂњVladimir Putin started a brokerage business. The deal regarding northern Syria that he made with Turkish President Erdogan is a brilliant advertisement for his services that he offers authoritarianism around the world, but especially in the Middle East and Africa. And PutinвЂ™s intervention in the Syrian conflict in 2015 became a showcase of Russia's new policy ... Based on Russia's behavior in Syria ... conclusions can be drawn about PutinвЂ™s principles. They are as follows.
Governments must remain in power; no attempt to change the mode from the outside.
Each participant with legitimate interests should receive something; no permanent red lines.
Russia will cooperate with anyone who wants to cooperate with Russia.
Russia will intervene only in situations from which it can benefit.
Russia will not intervene in a situation if it is threatened with superior strength and heavy losses. вЂќ
In any case, Bloomberg sees this as a challenge to the West from the side of a вЂњbig power without constant obligationsвЂќ. An influential agency concludes that вЂњin an increasingly unbalanced world, a set of Putin's opportunistic principles can create a very difficult situation,вЂќ and therefore вЂњThe West needs a convincing alternative to PutinвЂ™s method of international politics.вЂќ
The international politics of the Russian Federation really creates a difficult situation for the West. The long-standing project for constructing the вЂњGreater Middle EastвЂќ, aimed at fragmenting the region and turning it into a conglomerate of controlled puppets, does not work out. The Kurdish quasi-state of Rojava that appeared in Syria did not take place.
According to the Daily Mail, in Syria, those states that benefited from cooperation with Russia won, primarily Syria itself, which regains control over its entire territory with the exception of a small section on the border with Turkey.
Turkey also benefits, from whose borders detachments of national self-defense of the Kurds are assigned; at the same time, a section of the border remains under Turkish control, through which Ankara plans to begin returning 2.5-3 million Syrian refugees to their homeland.
The losers are Kurdish leaders who have relied on cooperation with Washington. The US betrayed them, and they lost the opportunity to save Rojava. Now the fate of the Syrian Kurds will be decided in negotiations with Damascus.
The loser is also the Syrian armed opposition, which has entrenched in the province of Idlib along with the remnants of jihadists from the Islamic State (the organization is banned in Russia). International experts believe that after the meeting in Sochi, Ankara will not obstruct the offensive of the Syrian government army on Idlib and the final sweep of the region.
As a result of the betrayal of the Kurds, the United States lost the trust not only of its regional allies but also within the framework of wider international ties.
The main thing is that in the new situation, Russia, Turkey, and Iran are opening up opportunities for preparing a peaceful settlement in Syria as part of the negotiation process in Astana. No matter what Western analysts write about Russia, the fruit of its policy is the peace coming in Syria.
At the same time, the West cannot offer an alternative to the вЂњPutin lineвЂќ. BloombergвЂ™s exposition of вЂњPutinвЂ™s principlesвЂќ has become a crooked mirror of Western politics. For the West continues to bet on regime change; it considers that in crisis situations the winner should receive everything; not ready to cooperate with anyone who wants to cooperate with the West; intervenes in international conflicts only with the aim of expanding its position in the world.
In the вЂњthink tanksвЂќ of the West they do not want to point-blank to the main feature of Russian politics: it is not based on ideological narrowness, but proceeds from a sober assessment of the positions of all parties, each of which has its own interests. Vladimir Putin succeeds in this, and he has earned a reputation as one of the most skilled politicians of our time.
And Western policy, while it is led by circles who want to bring the world under their control, dooms attempt to propose an alternative to Russia to failure