The joint comprehensive plan of action (JCPOA) on Iran's nuclear program is in danger of collapse due to the actions of the United States leadership. After withdrawing from this Treaty and threatening its European allies with new sanctions, the US administration continues to make attempts to finally break the agreement on the settlement of the long-standing problem of the Iranian atom.
The вЂќnuclear dealвЂњ with Iran, also known as the JCPOA, was concluded by Tehran with five permanent members of the UN Security Council and Germany in 2015. According to this document, the Iranian Republic was reducing its enriched uranium reserves to a fixed level. Moreover, some of these stocks will be exported abroad, and IAEA specialists should be allowed to visit Iranian nuclear facilities without hindrance. In response, Western countries lifted sanctions against the state.
The plan began to produce positive results, but he did not live for three years. Donald Trump after winning the presidential election in the United States made every effort to get out of the deal. Even during the election campaign, he clearly indicated his anti-Iranian position. In 2018, the United States unilaterally withdrew from the JCPOA, imposing sanctions on Tehran. The leaders of the European countries that concluded the вЂњnuclear dealвЂќ criticized this decision of the American side and declared their intention to continue to comply with the terms of the agreement.
Now the situation around the вЂњnuclear dealвЂќ is rapidly deteriorating. The reason for this is the destructive policy of Washington in relation to international agreements in the field of arms controls. The US has withdrawn from the intermediate-range and short-range missile's elimination Treaty and the open skies Treaty, and there is still uncertainty around the extension of the strategic offensive arms reduction treaty. In addition, the White House is actively using diplomatic tools to provoke Iran to withdraw from the JCPOA. After all, it is the Trump administration that is trying to push through the UN Security Council the decision to extend the arms embargo imposed against the Iranian Republic. If American diplomats succeed in doing so, it will be possible to declare the death of the Joint comprehensive plan of action on the Iranian nuclear program. This, in turn, could lead to a conflict between the United States and Iran.