The automobile industry is rapidly developing, and it is very interesting to see what road transport will be like in 50-100 years. Even today, cars are loaded with sensors, cameras, sensors, and other electronics that simplify driving and Parking. And the trend is that cars are increasingly being given control, leaving the human role of passenger. Let's see what models are being developed today, and what will carry people and cargo in the near future.
1. Mercedes-Benz Vision Urbanetic
Carmaker Mercedes-Benz shared a vision of the future, developing an unusual urban vehicle concept and showing a prototype at the 2018 Hanover auto show and CES 2019. Vision Urbanetic is an Autonomous van that moves without a driver, and it is completely futuristic: from design to capabilities. The concept is built on a modular system with interchangeable bodies: passenger and cargo. Moreover, the transformation of the drone takes a few minutes and can be carried out both manually and automatically at special stations.
It is controlled by an intelligent system that analyzes data and exchanges it between other electric vehicles in real-time. Safety is also at a premium: Vision Urbanetic вЂњobservesвЂќ the surrounding space using cameras and sensors and informs pedestrians that they have noticed them, through interactive panels.
2. Einride T-Pod
The t-Pod truck of the Swedish company Einride looks so unusual as if it came straight from a fantastic blockbuster. It does not have a cabin as such, and in General, it looks more like a container, which is why it received the joking nickname вЂњrefrigerator on wheelsвЂќ. The electric truck works without a driver, but if necessary, for example, in the city or in the event of difficult road situations, the operator of the remote control center intercepts the control. At the same time, one person can вЂњdriveвЂќ up to ten cars simultaneously.
At the moment, the T-Pod has passed the concept stage and is ready for mass production. In Sweden, he has already received the necessary permits to travel on public roads. It is planned that the first route that T-Pod will take will be the route between Gothenburg and Helsingborg.
3. Mercedes-Benz Future Bus
The Future Bus concept gives an idea of how Mercedes-Benz sees the bus of the future. The vehicle is equipped with a CityPilot system that can independently move along the route, making stops and opening doors at the places where passengers get on and off. The technology is based on sensors and radars that get a three-dimensional picture of the environment, identify obstacles, recognize traffic signals and read road signs and markings, as well as cameras in the cabin that track the actions of passengers. The system controls the bus with an accuracy of up to a centimeter, but it still works under the control of the driver.
The design of the Future Bus is unusual in everything from the smooth contours of the body and huge Windows to the futuristic seats and tree-like handrails. Passengers can recharge their mobile devices вЂ” wireless charging is built into the Luggage racks.
Interesting information: the Mercedes-Benz Future Bus is already on the road. In the Netherlands, the bus is used on the route connecting the city of Haarlem and Schiphol-Amsterdam airport. The route is far from straight, along the way you have to cross many turns and a couple of dozen intersections with traffic lights. And Future BusвЂќ without a hitch вЂњ runs a 30-minute route with 11 stops, demonstrating all the capabilities of an unmanned bus.
4. Continental CUbE
What will be the taxi of the future, you can judge by the UAV company Continental. This is a small bus designed to carry several people and operates independently, without a driver. The compact format perfectly fits the Shuttle into the urban environment, allowing you to easily maneuver through the streets. The CUbE control system uses cameras, radar sensors, and laser sensors to read the surrounding environment, determining the location of the drone and preventing critical situations.
According to the concept, the Shuttle can be called through the app and while it is traveling, track its position on the smartphone. The app also shows information about the available trips and notifies you about cars in the form of a diagram.
The Starship truck is the result of a successful collaboration between AirFlow Truck and Shell. This is a super-efficient tractor with a futuristic design, showing a fantastically low fuel consumption: 26.3 l/100 km. This figure is simply amazing for a road train that weighs more than 33 tons, which is an absolute world record for trucks of this class. To achieve this result, not only the technical вЂњfillingвЂќ with the most advanced technologies but also a special aerodynamic design helped. The truck has a unique lightweight cab made entirely of carbon fiber and a specially designed windscreen. Side skirts, a tapering tail section, active grille flaps, and other design elements also help reduce air resistance.
6. Scania NXT
The Swedish company Scania has developed an unusual urban vehicle concept, with an eye on 2030. According to the idea of the creators, one type of transport will solve several tasks: in the morning and in the evening to deliver passengers to work and school and back, during the day to perform cargo transportation, and at night to take out the garbage. The concept moves under unmanned control, without involving drivers. And the transformation is carried out due to a modular design built on two separate blocks with a front and rear axle. This quickly changes the wheelbase for the body involved: passenger, cargo, or "garbage". The control system is built into the chassis, and batteries and other driving equipment are integrated into the chassis. Currently, unused cases are immediately put on charge. This approach allows you to immediately use the "motor" blocks, connecting them to the already" charged " body.